APEX & Office 365 Email Integration

APEX & Office 365 Email Integration

Jon Dixon
ยทOct 6, 2022ยท

7 min read

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Table of contents

Introduction

This is the fourth and final post in my APEX & Microsoft Office 365 Integration series. This post assumes you have at least read the first two posts in the series APEX & Office 365 Integration - Introduction and APEX & Office 365 Calendar Integration.

This post will discuss integrating MS Office 365 Email with Oracle APEX. Being able to process email from APEX has several potential uses, including:

  • Support System Mailbox ()
    • Users email support requests to a support email inbox on Office 365
    • An APEX Automation checks the support email inbox every 15 minutes
    • If a new email is found, a support ticket is created
  • Process Supplier Invoices ()
    • Suppliers email their Invoice to a Payables email inbox on Office 365
    • An APEX Automation checks the Payables email inbox every 15 minutes
    • PL/SQL code calls OCI Document AI to OCR the attached Invoices
    • Pre-populate Invoice data in your ERP to facilitate rapid entry of invoices in AP

Demo App

My Office 365 Demo App, which you can get from my Github Repository, has been updated to include the functionality described in this post, namely:

  • View emails in a given users inbox
  • View details of a specific email
  • Download attachments for an email

MS Azure AD Configurations

This section assumes you have read the first post in the series APEX & Office 365 Integration - Introduction. It also assumes that you have already set up a Microsoft Active Directory App registration using 'Microsoft Entra'. Before proceeding, you will need to add the following permissions to your App registration:

  • Mail.Read (allows you to read email for all users)

โš ๏ธ With the Mail.Read permission, the app registration can read anyone's email in the entire organization. Refer to the first post in the series for details on how to limit this access using access policies. For this demo, I created an access policy that restricted my AD App registration to only be able to access my account.

Test Email APIs with Postman

In this section, I will show you how to call the various MS Graph Email APIs we will use to list emails in a user's inbox, and download email attachments.

MS Graph API Access Token

Please refer to my previous post APEX & Office 365 Integration - Introduction for details on obtaining an MS Graph token using Postman. The token returned from this step will be used as a Bearer Token in the following steps.

List Inbox Emails for User

  • ๐Ÿ“– MS Graph Resource Documentation
  • ๐Ÿ”— Endpoint: https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/users/USER_ID/mailFolders/Inbox/messages. Where USER_ID is the user id or userPrincipalName of a specific user

First, we want to get a list of emails in an Inbox jon@cloudnueva.com: Postman_Inbox_Headers.png Postman_Inbox_Parameters_and_Response.png

  • I limited the fields using the $select parameter; there are more fields available
  • bodyPreview contains just the first 255 characters of the body (in plain text)
  • The Prefer header in my example returns plaintext for the email body.content (as opposed to html). Being able to return plain text can be useful if you need to parse the email body and take some action based on its content

List Attachments

  • ๐Ÿ“– MS Graph Resource Documentation
  • ๐Ÿ”— Endpoint: https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/users/USER_ID/mailFolders/Inbox/messages/MESSAGE_ID/attachments. Where USER_ID is the user id or userPrincipalName and MESSAGE_ID is the id of the message from the previous request.

In the above JSON response, we see that the first email has the value "hasAttachments": true. To get a list of the attachments for the email setup Postman as follows: Postman_List_Attachments.png

  • I selected specific fields again using the $select parameter
  • If you include all fields, you will also get the contentBytes field which contains the actual bytes for the attachment. If you are looking for a list of attachments, the web service runs much faster if you exclude the contentBytes field.

Get Attachment

  • ๐Ÿ“– MS Graph Resource Documentation
  • ๐Ÿ”— Endpoint: https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/users/USER_ID/mailFolders/Inbox/messages/MESSAGE_ID/attachments/ATTACHMENT_ID/$value. Where USER_ID is the user id or userPrincipalName, MESSAGE_ID is the id of the message, and ATTACHMENT_ID is the id of the attachment from the previous request.

The final step is to get the attachment BLOB. Setup Postman as per the screenshot below: Postman_List_Attachment_BLOB.png

  • Note /$value appended to the URL; this gets the attachment BLOB instead of details about the attachment

APEX Integration

Now that we understand how the MS Graph Email APIs work, we can start integrating them with APEX. I developed a demo APEX App to show how this integration can be done. You can download the demo App from my Github Repository. In this section, I will highlight some critical aspects of the demo App.

Rest Data Sources

We will need to create two REST Data Sources, one to get a list of emails in a particular user's inbox and a second to get a list of attachments for a specific email message.

REST Data Source - Messages

  • Login to APEX Application Builder
  • ๐Ÿงญ Application > Shared Components > REST Data Sources > Click 'Create'
  • Select 'From Scratch' then click 'Next' Create APEX REST Data Source 1.png
  • Enter the details shown in the screenshot below
    • Make sure you enter a valid value for user_id value; this will help when 'Discovering' the data profile later on
    • Click 'Next' three times Create APEX REST Data Source 2.png
  • Select the Web Credential you have been using for these MS Graph API posts and enter the complete URL for the MS Graph Token API. e.g., https://login.microsoftonline.com/YOUR_TENANT_ID/oauth2/v2.0/token. Substitute YOUR_TENANT_ID with your MS Office 365 Tenant ID.
    • When complete, click 'Create REST Source Manually'. Note: 'Discover' will not work at this stage because Microsoft uses a different 'Row Selector' than the APEX default items Create APEX REST Data Source 3.png
  • Edit the REST Data Source you just created and adjust the Parameters as per the below screenshot Create APEX REST Data Source 3.1.png
  • Click 'Edit Data Profile'
  • Change the value of 'Row Selector' to value and click 'Apply Changes' Create APEX REST Data Source 4.png
  • Click 'Edit Data Profile' again, then scroll down and Click 'Rediscover Data Profile'. After you see a response similar to the screenshot below, click 'Replace Data Profile'
    • APEX will call the REST Service and fetch the response
    • It will then replace the existing data profile with just the fields we identified in the $select parameter above. Selecting specific fields makes the response smaller and faster Create APEX REST Data Source 5.png

That completes the creation of the REST Data Source to get email messages in a Users Inbox. This REST Data Source is being used on page 40 of the Demo App.

REST Data Source - List Attachments

The steps for creating the REST Data Source to list attachments for a given message are very similar to the steps described in the previous section. Instead of going through each step, I have included three necessary screenshots below. You can also look at the REST Data Source 'Office 365 Email Attachments' in the Demo App.

REST Source Definition Create APEX REST Data Source Attachments 1.png

REST Source Data Profile Create APEX REST Data Source Attachments 2.png

REST Source Parameters Create APEX REST Data Source Attachments 3.png

PL/SQL Get Attachment API

So far in this post, we have used REST Data Sources to handle fetching the inbox and message attachments. To fetch the BLOB for a specific attachment, we will switch to PL/SQL.

The procedure dl_email_attachment fetches an attachment and uses apex_data_export to download it. Here are the essential parts of this procedure:

PROCEDURE dl_email_attachment
  (p_user_id       IN VARCHAR2,
   p_email_id      IN VARCHAR2,
   p_attachment_id IN VARCHAR2,
   p_file_name     IN VARCHAR2,
   p_mime_type     IN VARCHAR2)  IS

  l_file_size      PLS_INTEGER;
  l_export         apex_data_export.t_export;
  l_url            VARCHAR2(4000);

BEGIN
  -- Build URL with Parameters.
  l_url := 'https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/users/#USER_ID#/mailFolders/Inbox/messages/#MESSAGE_ID#/attachments/#ATTACHMENT_ID#/$value';
  l_url := REPLACE(l_url, '#USER_ID#', p_user_id);
  l_url := REPLACE(l_url, '#MESSAGE_ID#', p_email_id);
  l_url := REPLACE(l_url, '#ATTACHMENT_ID#', p_attachment_id);

  -- Set HTTP Headers
  apex_web_service.clear_request_headers;
  apex_web_service.set_request_headers
   (p_name_01   => 'Content-Type',
    p_value_01  => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded');

  -- Call MS Graph Web Service.
  -- token_url is a function that build the MS Graph Token URL, see the Demo package for details
  -- option_value is s function that gets the name of the APEX Web Credential for our MS Graph Credentials
  l_export.content_blob := apex_web_service.make_rest_request_b
    (p_url                  => l_url,
     p_http_method          => 'GET',
     p_token_url            => token_url,
     p_credential_static_id => option_value (p_option_code => 'WEB_CREDENTIAL_STATIC_ID'));

    -- Download the File.
    l_export.file_name := p_file_name;
    l_export.mime_type := p_mime_type;
    apex_data_export.download( p_export => l_export );

END dl_email_attachment;

Conclusion

In this post I showed you how you can take advantage of MS Graph APIs to process emails in Office 365. This functionality provides you with even more options for building APEX applications that interact with your users in ways that are convenient to them.

I hope you enjoyed my series on integrating MS Office 365 with APEX!

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